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Author Topic: Terms used to understand hadith.  (Read 3901 times) Average Rating: 0
Rizwan Maniar
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« on: May 25, 2010, 09:39:08 PM »





بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Allah - beginning with the name of - the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

الصلوة والسلام عليك يارسول الله وعلى آلك واصحابك يا نورالله
.
And millions of durood on Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم)


Bafaiz Huzoor Mufti e Azam Hazrat Allama Shah MOHAMMED MUSTAFA RAZA

Radiallahu Ta'ala Anhu.
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« on: May 25, 2010, 09:39:08 PM »

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Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #1 on: May 25, 2010, 09:39:56 PM »


1. Rijaal in Hadith = Narrators of hadith for example Fulan heard from Fulan and the chain reaching back to Prophet (Peace be upon him) or Sahabi.


2. Jirah Mubham = Vague criticism, which goes against the viewpoint of majority of other scholars who deemed the narrator or hadith as "AUTHENTIC/FAIR"


3. Tadeel = Authentication of a narrator, such as Muhaditheen saying "Fulan is Thiqa (Trustworthy/reliable)", or "Sudooq (Truthful)" or "La Ba'sa Bihi (Has no harm in him)" etc...

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Theek ho naam e Raza, tum pey karoron durood

(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
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« Reply #1 on: May 25, 2010, 09:39:56 PM »

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Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #2 on: May 25, 2010, 09:40:29 PM »


4. Mufassar Jirah = Detailed Jirah, for example if a certain narrator or hadith is criticized by many muhaditheen and the Jirah upon the narrator or hadith "IS CLEARLY PROVEN NOT UN-CLEARLY"


5. Jirah Wa Tadeel = Criticising and Authenticating, this is the whole science.


6. Jirah = To Criticize.
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(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #3 on: May 25, 2010, 09:46:54 PM »


In English:

For example Imam Ibn Yusuf al-Salihi (rah) called the chain as "MUTASIL" which means that chain is "WELL CONNECTED AND CONTINEOUS" plus he has also clarified along that "RIJAAL ARE THIQA"

So this means that Hadith is absolutely Sahih reaching back to the sahabi with un-broken chain having absolutely reliable narrators.

In Urdu:

Imam Ibn Yusuf al-Salihi (rah) nay sanad ko "MUTASIL" kaha hai, jiss ka matlab hai kay sanad "APAS MAIN POORI MILI HOI HAI AUR TASALSUL SAY QAIM HAI" is kay ilawa unhoon nay tamaam raviyoon ko "SIQA" bhi kaha.

Is say yeh wazih ho gaya kay Hadees bilkul "DARUST" hai aur sahabi tak baghair sanad main Inqita (toot phoot) kay pohanch rahi hai. Sath sath tamaam raavi bilkul Itimaad-yafta hain.

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(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
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« Reply #4 on: May 25, 2010, 10:17:49 PM »

jazakallah Rizwan bhai for sharing we needed this...
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Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #5 on: June 24, 2010, 09:41:19 AM »


Meaning of Hadiths


The talk and/or work and/or the action/practice of the Holy Last Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and the silence of the Holy Last Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and practice of anything done before him is also related as Hadiths.

Hadiths of Sayyidina Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) are of three (3) types

1. (Qawli) - Talk of the Holy Last Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim). Hadith Qawli is that Hadith that Rasulullah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) spoke himself.


2. (Fa’ali) - The action of Rasulullah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim). So Hadith Fa’ali is Hadith that Rasulullah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) has taught us by his actions without comment.


3. (Taqriri) - Hadith Taqriri is Hadith which comes from Rasulullah’s (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) silence regarding any action.
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Kaam woh ley lee jiye, tum ko jo raazi karey,
Theek ho naam e Raza, tum pey karoron durood

(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #6 on: October 05, 2013, 11:08:26 AM »

Besides these three, there are three other classes of Hadiths

1. (Marfua) - Hadiths where the Isnad comes from the teacher from the collector from the companions.


2. (Mawqoof) - Hadith Mawqoof is when the Hadith is related by the Sahaba man or woman, but the isnad does not reach Rasulullah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim).


3.(Maqtooa) - Hadith Maqtooa is Hadith where the Tabieen is the end of the Isnad.


All these three can be Qawli, Faali, or Taqriri.


Sanad is Wajib for Hadiths.

In the Isnad of the narration from al-Imam al-Bukhari (Radhi Allahu Anh), there are no more than six (6) persons.

One who records Hadiths is called Rawee.

Each Rawee must be Salih, Ahlus-Sunnah, sincere, and strict in Deen.
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Kaam woh ley lee jiye, tum ko jo raazi karey,
Theek ho naam e Raza, tum pey karoron durood

(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
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