sources:www.cifiaonline.com and www.correctislamicfaith.com
Dr. Zakir Naik praises Yazid and claims that Karbala was a political episode (Astaghfirullah - We pray Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی to save Islam from hypocrites).
He says رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ with Yazid's name and mentions a Hadith in Bukhari in which Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said the first Muslim Army who will invade the city of Constantinople (presently Istanbul) will be rewarded with Jannah. He claims Yazid was part of that army.
Zakir Naik's claim is false, a blatant lie and slander on Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
Not even a single Hadith mentioned in this context in the entire Hadith literature has the word "Constantinople" in its text. However, some Hadith scholars have mentioned the name "Constantinople" in their Hadith guides.
Read the following facts and you will know the height of Dr. Zakir Naik lies.
The wording of the Hadith are "awwalu jaishin min ummati yaghzoona madinata Qaisara maghfurullahum". [Meaning - "The first Muslim army who will invade the city of Qaiser-e-Room (Byzantine empire) will be Jannati."] Thus, it could be any city of Byzantine empire.
Read any Islamic History book written by any well known Islamic historian (including Salafi scholar Al-Dhahabi, Ibn Katheer etc.) it is mentioned that the first Muslim invasion of Constantinople, Byzantine empire took place in 42 H in which Yazid was not there.
The second invasion of Muslims on Byzantine empire was in 43 H under the command of Bu'sr bin Abi Arta, and the Army reached the city of Constantinople. Yazid was not part of this Army.
The third invasion of Muslims took place in 44 H under the command of Abd ar-Rahman bin Khaled bin Walid. In this invasion, Busr bin Abi Arta also participated and attacked Constantinople from Sea. Yazid was not part of this Army.
The fifth invasion of Constantinople was in 46 H under the command of Malik bin Abdullah. Yazid was not part of this Muslim Army.
The sixth invasion of Byzantine empire was undertaken in 47 H under the command of Malik bin Hubaira. Yazid was not part of this Army.
Three invasions took place on Byzantine empire in 49 H under the commands of (i) Malik bin Hubaira and (ii) Fazala bin Ubair. Fazala bin Ubair captured many cities of Byzantine empire. (iii) The third invasion of Byzantine empire took place in the same year under the command of Yazid bin Shajara Ar-Rahawi, who hailed from Syria. It is wrongly, may be deliberately, claimed by Wahhabis and their like minded Groups that the commander of this Army was Yazid bin Mu'awia, which is not true. Thus Yazid was not part of the three separate armies that invaded Byzantine empire, three times in 49 H.
The 8th invasion of Byzantine empire took place in 50 H and in this invasion, some people claim that Yazid bin Mua'wia was part of this Army. Thus Yazid was part of the Army of 8th invasion of Byzantine Empire.
But the Hadith says that the first Muslim Army who will invade Byzantine empire is Jannati. Then how come Yazid is claimed to be Jannati?
The Salafis mention Hadith Guide book Fatahul Bari written by Ibn Hajar Asqalani in which it is mentioned that 'the invasion of Constantinople took place in 52 H and the commander of this Army was Yazid. Even if we take this date as authentic, then this will be the ninth invasion of that city, and not the first one. Because, as we have mentioned earlier with authentic sources that 8 invasions had already taken place before this date. Therefore, Yazid cannot be part of the people who are declared Jannati by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
It is also mentioned in many Islamic History books that at the time of 8th invasion of Byzantine empire, Janab Muawiah wanted Yazid to participate, but he refused. We cannot go into these details here because our Article is becoming too long.
We do not understand why Zakir Naik wants to favor Yazid against Imam Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked by his son that a group of people (qawm) attribute us to [be with] Yazid , he replied, O son! Whoever believes in Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), how can they have any association with Yazid? And why should he not be cursed (laanat) when Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) sends laanat on him in his Book. The son asked where did Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) send laanat on him in His Book? The Imam replied “in this saying of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی)”:
It is in Quran - 'Do you then have the sign that if you get the authority, spread disorder in the land and sever your ties of Kinship? These are they whom Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has cursed and made them deaf from the truth and made their eyes blind'. (Sura Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Verses 22-23), and then said, is there any greater fasaad than the assasination of Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?
(Reference - The above is mentioned in multiple sources such as Ibn Hajar Makki in al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqa page 333, Tafsir Mazhari v. 8. p. 434 Imam Barzanji in al-Isha’at, Qadi Abu Ya’la in Mu’tamad al-Usool, ibn al-Jawzi and so on).
Ad-Dhahabi, a Salafi scholar wrote about Yazid as follows:
وكان ناصبيا فظا غليظا جلفا يتناول المسكر ويفعل المنكر افتتح دولته بمقتل الشهيد الحسين واختتمها بواقعة الحرة فمقته الناس ولم يبارك في عمره وخرج عليه غير واحد بعد الحسين كأهل المدينة قاموا لله
[Meaning - He (Yazid) was a disgusting Nasibi (those who hate Ahle bait-e-Rasulullah - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). He drank and did evil. He started his kingdom with the killing of the Shahid al-Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and ended it with the incident of al-Harra (siege of Madina which also makes him directly liable for Lanah as Sahih Ahadith prove). Hence the people hated him, he was not blessed in his life and many took up arms against him after Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) such as the people of Madina - they rose for the sake of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) ] ( Siyar al Alam an Nabula, Volume No. 4, Page No. 37-38 )
Ad-Dahabi also wrote - I say: 'When Yazid did to the people of Madina, what he did, and killed Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and his brothers and progeny, and Yazid drank alcohol, and performed abominable things, then the people hated him and rose up against him more than once. Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) did not bless his life and Abu Bilal Mirdas bin Adya al-Hanzali rose against him.' (Taarikh al-Islam: wa-tabaqat al-mashahir wa-al-a`lam, Volume 005, Page No. 30)
Ad-Dhahabi further wrote: Ziyad Haarthi narrated: 'Yazid gave me alcohol to drink, I had never drunk alcohol like that before and I enquired where he had obtained its ingredients from'. Yazid replied: 'it is made of sweet pomegranate, Isfahan's honey, Hawaz's sugar, Taif's grapes and Burdah's water'. Ahmed bin Masama' narrated: 'Once Yazid drank alcohol and started to dance, suddenly he fell down and his nostril began to bleed'. (Siyar al A'lam wa al Nubalah, Volume 004, Page No. 037).
Jalaluddin Suyuti mentions in his book ‘The History of the Rightly Guided Caliphs’ (Taarekh ul Khulufaa al-Raashideen); “Nawfal bin Abi al-Faraat said ‘Once I was with Umar bin Abdul Aziz when a man said in his presence ‘Yazid, the leader of the believers’. Umar bin Abdul Aziz said [in shock] ‘Did you call Yazid the Leader of the Believers'? Umar then ordered for the man to be lashed 20 times”.
Suyuti further writes that in the year 63 H. Yazid was involved in sacking Madina in killing a generation of the Companions, and in desecrating and robbing Madinah. Suyuti continues that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his children are pious and virtuous souls.
After creating carnage in Madina in the incident of Harrah, the army of Yazid proceeded to Makkah to confront Abdullah ibn al-Zubair, a self-declared Caliph in Hijaz. In Makka, the Army of Yazid committed unthinkable war crimes. Even Ka'abatullah was heavily damaged in Yazid's military operation. Read Islamic History for details.
It is in Hadith - Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, whoever terrifies the people of Madinah, upon him is the curse of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), that of His angels and that of all the people of the world. (Sahih Muslim).
There are innumerable Quranic verses and Ahadith which clearly state that Ahle Bait-e-Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) are pious and virtuous souls.
It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) looked at Hazrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Hazrata Fatima (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) and said " "I am in war with those who will fight with you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you." (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim, Tabarani, Mishkat, etc.).
Accusing Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is indeed character assassination of the distinguished grandson of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Many Ulema will agree that character assassination of the deceased Imam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) by Salafis / Deobandis and their like minded groups is a bigger crime than his physical assassination by Yazid and his cursed supporters.
All Salafi groups should know that when they declare Yazid was on the right path and say رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ with his name, then they will sure be standing along with Yazid in front of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) on the Day of Judgment and their judgment will be done along with him. They should also know who stands a good chance to enter heaven - Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) or Yazid.
It is in Hadith, Imam Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is the leader of youth in Jannah and his pious mother Fatima al-Zahra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is the leader of women in Jannah.
To know more, you can watch the following Urdu Video Clips.
(i) Watch this video clip - I (ii) Watch this video clip - II (iii) Watch this video clip - III (iv) Watch video clip - IV