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« on: September 11, 2009, 01:40:36 PM »

Zakaah literally means to purify and develop. In the terminology of Shari'ah it is the giving of specified wealth with specified conditions to the rightful ones.

The Ruling on Zakaah:

Zakaah is one of the five main pillars of Islam. It is compulsory upon EVERYONE who fulfills its conditions, for Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) states;

1. " Then establish prayer and pay Zakaah and obey Allah and His Most Beloved Messenger (Salla Allahu Ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) and Allah ta'ala is aware of what you do. "  Al-Qur'an : 58:13
2. " O believers! give something of your pure earnings and of what WE produce from the earth for you. "  Al-Qur'an : 2:267

The Beloved Prophet Muhammad (Salla Allahu Ta'ala alayhi wa Sallam) has stated :

Islam is based on five things:

1. To testify that none is worthy of worship but Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) and Muhammad (Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam) is the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala).
2. To establish Salaah.
3. To pay Zakaah.
4. To perform Hajj (pilgrimage).
5. To fast in the month of Ramadan.


Zakaah became compulsory in the second year of the migration. It is Wajib (compulsory) to pay it immediately. To delay its payment without reason is sinful and the testimony of such a person will not be accepted. Zakaah is not Wajib upon the Prophets (alaihis salaam) because all that they own is Wakf (religious endownment) on their behalf.

It is permissable to pay Zakaah before a year has passed on the wealth, even several years before, as long as he possesses the Nisaab (minimum amount of property liable to payment of the Zakaah) for which he is going to pay the Zakaah in advance.


The wisdom of Zakaah:

1.  Zakaah purifies one's character from the evil traits of stinginess and greed.
2. Through Zakaah the poor receive help and the needs of dependents and destitutes are fulfilled.
3. Zakaah helps in the provision of public works upon which the well being of society depends.
4. Zakaah prevents wealth becoming centralised in the hands of a few wealthy people. Thus it ensures that the means of life are not restricted to a select group.

Making Du'a for the Zakaah payer:


At the time of receiving Zakaah it is Mustahab (desirable) to make Du'a for the Zakaah giver. This is because Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) said, " ( O' Beloved Prophet - Salla Allahu ta'ala 'alayhi wa Sallam) Take Zakaah from their wealth to purify and clean them therewith and pray for them. Surely your prayers will give them comfort. "  Al-Qur'an : 9:103

The Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) prayed for the person who sent a beautiful she-camel in Zakaah in the following way, " O Allah bestow blessings on this person and in his camels. "

Imam Shafi'ee (alaihir rahman) states, " When the recipient receives Zakaah it is Sunnah to pray for the giver in the following way; ' May Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) reward you for what you have given and may He bestow blessings on the remainder of your wealth. ' (Fiqh as-Sunnah)


Persuasion to pay Zakaah:

Almighty Allah says :

1.  " And those in whose wealth there is a known right; for the one who asks help and for those who are deprived. "
2. " Those, if We give them control on the land, they would establish prayer and pay the Zakaah and command good and forbid evil. And the consequence of all things is in the hands of Allah. "

The Blessed Prophet (Salla Allahi 'alayhi wa 'aalihi wa Sallam) stated, " Whosoever gives alms equal to one date from his Halaal wealth, and Allah only accepts pure and Halaal items, Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) takes it in His Hand and develops  (cultivates) it, just like one of you brings up his colt (young-horse), until it is equal to a mountain. "  ( Bukhari )

In another Hadith it is stated that " (Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) cultivates that morsal of Sadaqah) to such an extent that it develops into the equal of the Uhud mountain. "


A warning to those who refrain from giving Zakaah:

Almighty Allah says;

1.  " On that day their treasures will be heated in the fire of hell, and their foreheads, sides and backs will be branded therewith. (They will be told) This is what you had hoarded for yourselves. Now taste the penalty of such hoarding. "
Al-Qur'an : 9:35
2.  " And those who are miser in what has been given to them by Allah, by His grace, should not think that it is good for them; on the contrary it is bad for them. The riches they have piled up shall become their necklace on the Day of Judgement. "  Al-Qur'an : 3:180

Some sayings of the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam :

1.  " To whoever Allah  Subhana Wa Taala  has given wealth and he did not fulfill his right from his wealth, his wealth on the Day of Qiyamah (Judgement Day) will take up the shape of a bald snake, - whose hair has fallen out because of its poison and who would have two black dots on its eyes. The snake will be made into his necklace and it will grab both jaws and say 'I am your wealth, I am your treasure'. " then the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) recited the above verse (3:180) of the Qur'an. ( Bukhari )

2.  "For every wealth owner who did not fulfill his right from his wealth, his wealth will come on the day of Qiyamah in the shape of a bald snake, who will have its mouth open. When it comes close towards the wealth owner the wealth owner will run away from it. The snake will call out to him 'come take the wealth which you hid for I dont need it.' When the wealth owner (in despair) sees no other way he will put his hand into the mouth of the snake. The snake will chew his hand like a bull chews something. "  (Muslim)

3.  Two women wearing gold bracelets came into the presence of the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam). The Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) asked them, " Would you prefer that Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) should give you bracelets of fire to wear on the day of Qiyamah ? " They replied, " No, O Blessed Prophet."  The Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) replied, " So give what is your duty on what you have in your hands. "  (Ahmad)


The ruling on the one who does not pay Zakaah:

The one who rejects the compulsory nature of Zakaah becomes a Kaafir (disbeliever) whilst the one who acknowledges the compulsion of Zakaah but due to miserliness does not pay it is sinful. Zakaah should be forcibly taken from such a person and he should be reprimanded. If such a person physically resists to pay Zakaah he should be fought until he submits to the will of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) and pays Zakaah.

Hadrat Abu Huraira (Radi Allahu anhu) narrates that after the blessed passing away of the Most Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) and when Hadrat Abu-Bakr (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) was the Caliph some Arabs became Kaafir (disbelievers). Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) said to Hadrat Abu-Bakr (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) ; How are you going to fight the people when the Beloved Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) said,  " I have been ordered to do fight against the people until they read the Kalimah, whoever reads this he has saved his wealth and life from me, except when his life or wealth is taken in the course of justice. And his account is with Allah. "  On hearing this Hadrat Abu-Bakr (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) replied, " By Allah, I will fight he who differentiates between Salaah and Zakaah, for Zakaah is Haqq (true and right). By Allah if whoever used to pay the child of a goat or a camel's rope in Zakaah during the time of the Noble Prophet (Salla Allahu ta'ala alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) and now refuses to pay I declare war on him. "  Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu ta'ala anhu) replied, " By Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala), this (reasoning) is because Allah (Subhanahu wa ta'ala) has opened/widened his chest and it is now clear to me that what he has stated is Haqq (right). "


The Compulsion of Zakaah:


The following are the conditions for Zakaah to become compulsory on a person :

1.  To be a Muslim. A disbeliever does not need to pay Zakaah.
2.  To be free. A slave does not need to pay Zakaah.
3.  To be mature. Zakaah is not compulsory on a wealthy minor.
4.  To be sane. Zakaah is not compulsory on the insane.
5.  Have perfect/complete ownership. This means must have both ownership and possession of it. Thus if a person owns something but does not have possession over it Zakaah is not compulsory upon it, (e.g. Zakaah is not compulsory on a woman's dower before she gains possession over it).
6.  To be the owner of the Nisaab. Nisaab refers to that level (of property) specified by Shar'iah as a standard for Zakaah becoming compulsory. Not only must one own this much but it must also be in excess of debts and fundamental needs (such as clothing, abode, animals for transport, slaves for service, armaments, books for the people of knowledge if they are not for trade. Similarly no Zakaah is payable on the tools for a skillsman, if not for sale.) Nisaab varies for the different commodities - these will be stated below.
7.  The passing of a lunar year, even if during the year Nisaab is not maintained. The passing of a year is not a  condition on the Zakaah of agriculture and fruit.

Notes :

1.  Zakaah is not compulsory on the wealth of minors (children) or insane. Thus one should not demand their guardians to pay Zakaah out of their wealth. This is due to the fact that Zakaah is an act of worship and it is not demanded from minors and the insane.
2.  The paying of Zakaah will not be complete unless one has the intention at the time of paying or at the time when he separates the Zakaah wealth from his total wealth. But if someone, without the intention of Zakaah, gives all his wealth away in charity the compulsion of Zakaah will be removed (from him).
3.  It is not a condition for the person receiving Zakaah to know that this is wealth from Zakaah. Thus it is correct for a person to give Zakaah to a poor person but to tell him that this is a loan or a gift.


The Zakaah on Gold:  


Zakaah is not payable on less than 20 Dinaars (nearly 87 grammes). When somebody attains twenty Dinaars of Gold and a year passes, it is compulsory to pay one fourtieth (half a Dinaar) in Zakaah. For amounts of gold greater than twenty but less than twentyfour no zakaah is payable on the excess over twenty Dinaars. When the amount greater than twenty reaches four (i.e. he has twentyfour in total) he will have to pay one Dirham from these extra (four) Dinaars. Because in Shar'iah one Dinaar is equivalent to ten Dirhams. This is the verdict of Imam al-A'zam Hadrat Abu Hanifa (Rehmatullahi alaih) whilst the Shahibain (Ridwanallahi ta'ala alaihi 'majmain) say that Zakaah must be worked out and paid on any amount greater than twenty Dinaars (there is no need to wait for a round figure, such as twenty four).


The Zakaah on Silver:


Zakaah is not payable on silver totalling less than 200 Dirhams (nearly 610 grammes). When one attains two hundred Dirhams of silver and a year passes on its possession Zakaah of five Dirhams is payable. For the amount of silver greater than two hundred, if the excess is less than 40 then no Zakaah is payable on the excess. When the excess reaches 40 Dirhams, then one Dirham is payable for these extra Dirhams, this is in addition to the initial 5 Dirhams payable. For every other extra 40 Dirhams of silver an extra Dirham is payable. This is the saying of Imam al-A'zam Hadrat Abu Hanifa (Rehmatullahi alaih), whilst the Shahibain (Ridwanallahi ta'ala alaihi 'majmain) say that Zakaah is payable on the excess of 200 Dirhams.

Note :

If silver is dominant in any coin, it will be considered like silver and if adulteration is dominant, then it will be considered like business stock.


The Zakaah on Business Stock:

Zakaah is payable on business stock when the value of the stock is equivalent to the Nisaab of gold or silver. And whichever Nisaab, of either gold or silver, is beneficial to the poor that is the calculation to be used when valuing business stock.

Note :

If someone at the start of the year is in possession of the Nisaab and during the year his stock increases, whether through profit or other additions such as inheritance, then at the year end Zakaah will be payable on the whole amount, including the additions which occurred during the year.
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« on: September 11, 2009, 01:40:36 PM »

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« Reply #1 on: June 07, 2010, 04:54:35 PM »

The Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) prayed for the person who sent a beautiful she-camel in Zakaah in the following way, " O Allah bestow blessings on this person and in his camels. "

Imam Shafi'ee (alaihir rahman) states, " When the recipient receives Zakaah it is Sunnah to pray for the giver in the following way; ' May Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) reward you for what you have given and may He bestow blessings on the remainder of your wealth. ' (Fiqh as-Sunnah)

Subhaanallaah

Jazaakallaah Khair
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« Reply #1 on: June 07, 2010, 04:54:35 PM »

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sarwaralam001
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« Reply #2 on: June 24, 2014, 07:55:33 AM »

asslaamalykum mazhar bhai.
                                       Q. 1. what is difference between ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.2. And what is exact method to give ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.3.  what is benifits of ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
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Rizwan Maniar
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« Reply #3 on: June 24, 2014, 10:34:05 AM »

ZAKAT [Arab.,=purification], Islamic religious tax, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or “pillars”) of Islam. All adult Muslims of sound mind and body with a set level of income and assets are expected to pay zakat. Zakat is due yearly on certain types of property. Zakat is payable, at different rates, on crops, harvests, herds, gold and silver, and merchandise. For gold and silver, which is understood to include all liquid assets, the rate is 2.5%.

Being religiously prescribed, zakat is distinct from charity (SADAQA) WHICH IS VOLUNTARY. Zakat is essentially a personal exercise with no intermediary control, and could be given directly to its recipients, although a central treasury often collects it.

Zakat has to be dispense in a way acceptable to Allaah.
The choice is there Al-hamdulillaah and we can look at it as a service to facilitate fulfilment of our obligation of Zakat.

Zakat is to distribute to following categories specified in the Sharee'ah.

Categories mentioned in the QUR'ÂN in Soorah Taubah 9: 60

FUQAARA {Poor}

MASAAKEEN {Needy, Orphans, widows, e.t.c}

AAMILEEN {Those employed to administer the (funds)}

MUAL'LIFATIQULOOBIHIM
{For those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to truth)}

FIRRIQAAB
{Those in bondage, literally and figuratively: captives of war must be redeemed: those in bondage of ignorance or superstition or unfavourable environment should be helped to freedom to develop their own gifts}

GHARIMEEN
{Those who are held in the grip of debt should be helped to economic freedom}

FISABILILLAH
{Those who are struggling and striving in Allah's cause by teaching or fighting , who are thus unable to earn their ordinary living}

WABNISSABEEL {Stranger stranded on the way}


Allah, the Most High said: "Those who spend their wealth by Night and Day, in secret and in public, shall have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear nor shall they Grieve." [Baqarah: 274]

“The likeness of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allaah, is as the likeness of a grain (of corn); it grows seven ears, and each ear is a hundred grains. Allaah gives manifold increase to whom he pleases.” [Sooratul-Baqarah 2:261]

“And whatsoever you spend of anything (in the cause of Allaah), He will replace it. He is the Best of those who grants sustenance.” [Soorah Saba‘ 34:39]
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Kaam woh ley lee jiye, tum ko jo raazi karey,
Theek ho naam e Raza, tum pey karoron durood

(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
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« Reply #4 on: June 24, 2014, 10:35:17 AM »

SADAQA: - Deeds of charity done in Allah's  Subhana Wa Taala  cause

SADAQA JARIYAH means ongoing charity. An example is a person who digs (or causes to be dug) a well from which people can draw water, free, with the intention of doing it for the sake of Allah. This is an act of charity which continues over time, and as long as people benefit from the well, the donor, dead or alive, will continue to receive credit for having done it.

Teaching can also be an ongoing sadaqah. Suppose a person teaches another to recite a verse of the Qur'an, or how to take care of a baby, or how to take out an appendix. As long as the knowledge is used, the teacher continues to reap credit for it.

Hadrat Hadrat Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah's Messenger (may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) as saying, "Among the actions and good deads for which a believer will continue to receive reward after his death are knowledge which he taught and spread, a good son whom he left behind, or a copy of the Qur'an which he left as a legacy, or a  Masjid he built, or a house which he built for the traveller, or a stream which he caused to flow, or a sadaqa which he gave from his property when he was alive and well, for which he will continue to receive reward after his death." (Ibn Majah and Baihaqi)

WAQF, GOOD DEEDS ARE ALL SADAQA.


SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 50:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
The Prophet said, Enjoining, all that is good is a Sadaqa."


SAHIH BUKHARI, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 51:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari:
The Prophet said, "On every Muslim there is enjoined (a compulsory) Sadaqa (alms)." They (the people) said, "If one has nothing?' He said, "He should work with his hands so that he may benefit himself and give in charity." They said, "If he cannot work or does not work?" He said, "Then he should help the oppressed unhappy person (by word or action or both)." They said, "If he does not do it?" He said, "Then he should enjoin what is good (or said what is reasonable).' They said, "If he does not do that''' He said, "Then he should refrain from doing evil, for that will be considered for Him as a Sadaqa (charity) . "

'Say, Verily my Prayer, my Sacrifice, my Living and My Dying are for Allah, Lord of the Worlds....'
Surah An'am 162-164
 
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Kaam woh ley lee jiye, tum ko jo raazi karey,
Theek ho naam e Raza, tum pey karoron durood

(Take that service from me that pleases you, May the name of Raza be well, a million blessings on you)
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« Reply #5 on: June 24, 2014, 03:15:00 PM »

asslaamalykum mazhar bhai.
                                       Q. 1. what is difference between ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.2. And what is exact method to give ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.3.  what is benifits of ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?

mazhar bhai please aap samjhayein mujhe mere sawaloo ka jawaab......

Rizwan bhai ne acha samjhaya hai lekin Fitra ka zikr nahi kiya......ya mere samajh me hi nahi aaya hoga shayad .
jaisa ki maine suna hai ki apne bhai ko SMILE dena bhi ek tarah ka sadqa hai ye choti si baat mention nahi kiya hai bhai ne. isme Rizwan bhai ki koi galti nahi...
maqsad mera bs yahi hai ki main simple or clear jawab chahta hu.......
                                                                                                            Love you all members of aulia-e-hind.
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« Reply #6 on: June 24, 2014, 03:57:09 PM »

Quote
Q. 1. what is difference between ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?

ZAKAT,FITRA masjid pe wajib nai kyu ki ae gareebo aur nadaaro pe mukarar kiya hua rakam, sadqaa masjid pe wajib, kyu ki ae koi bhi kis pe bhi desaktaa yani muhabbath.

Quote
Q.2. And what is exact method to give ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?

khairaath tow asalme gareebo aur nadaaro ku denevaali rakam mutthi muooch ko dena, naaki khud ki shaan ka dabba bajaate hue girjaana.

sadqaa yani masjid(dargah) ku denevaali rakam mutthi kholko dena taake koi bhi tume dekho aage badey yani naeikh gujaar bane.

Quote
   Q.3.  what is benifits of ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?

jaroor se tum buraai se bachko apnome badi jagah paavoge.
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« Reply #7 on: June 25, 2014, 04:48:32 AM »

asslaamalykum mazhar bhai.
                                       Q. 1. what is difference between ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.2. And what is exact method to give ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?
                                       Q.3.  what is benifits of ZAKAT,FITRA,AND SADQAA ?

mazhar bhai please aap samjhayein mujhe mere sawaloo ka jawaab......

Rizwan bhai ne acha samjhaya hai lekin Fitra ka zikr nahi kiya......ya mere samajh me hi nahi aaya hoga shayad .
jaisa ki maine suna hai ki apne bhai ko SMILE dena bhi ek tarah ka sadqa hai ye choti si baat mention nahi kiya hai bhai ne. isme Rizwan bhai ki koi galti nahi...
maqsad mera bs yahi hai ki main simple or clear jawab chahta hu.......
                                                                                                            Love you all members of aulia-e-hind.
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« Reply #8 on: October 21, 2017, 09:15:50 AM »

Zakat is an obligatory act ordained by Allah (The Glorified and Exalted) to be performed by every adult and able bodied Muslim. It is an important pillar among the five pillars of Islam. Zakat is a part of the wealth and property that Muslims must pay annually, to help the poor of their community.
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