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« on: February 15, 2010, 02:02:11 PM »

Bismillahir Rehmanir Raheem

Objection and Refutation by Mufti Ahmed Yaar Khan Naeemi Ashrafi alahir rehmaan

-OBJECTION 1- Allah subhan wa ta'ala states,

“And We revealed to you the Book to clearly explain everything.” – Surah Nahl, Verse 89

When the Holy Quran has explained everything, what need is there for Hadith?

Answer – The Quran is an explanation of everything for the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam, not for us fools. This is why Allah subhan wa ta'ala says ‘you’ in the singular, not plural, since He is only addressing Rasoolullah  sallallahu alaih wasallam. Can those who present this objection deduct the rate of Zakaah from the Holy Quran?
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« on: February 15, 2010, 02:02:11 PM »

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« Reply #1 on: February 15, 2010, 02:03:21 PM »

-OBJECTION 2- Allah subhan wa ta'ala states,

“There is nothing wet or dry not mentioned in the manifest book (i.e. the Holy Quran).” – Surah Anaam, Verse 59

When everything is in the Holy Quran, what need is there to take from the Hadith?

Answer – Undoubtedly everything is in the Quran, but only the perfect intellect can deduce its content. Pearls are found in the ocean but only a diver can bring them up. Medicine is found in pharmacies but only doctors can prescribe their usage
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« Reply #1 on: February 15, 2010, 02:03:21 PM »

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« Reply #2 on: February 15, 2010, 02:41:58 PM »

-OBJECTION 3- Allah subhan wa ta'ala states,
“We have made the Quran easy for remembering.” – Surah Qamar, Verse 22

When the Quran has everything and has been made easy, what need is there of the Hadith?

Answer – The Holy Quran has been made easy to memorize, not to deduce laws from. This is why the word for remembering’ was used. No one ever became a hafiz of the Torah or Bible, whereas the Holy Quran is memorized by even children. This is what is meant by ‘made easy’. If the Holy Quran was made easy for deducing laws, what need was there for the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam to teach it?

“And he teaches them the Book and wisdom.” – Surah Baqarah, Verse 129
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« Reply #3 on: February 15, 2010, 03:00:09 PM »

-OBJECTION 4- The four Caliphs used to stop people from narrating Hadith. How then did the Hadith come about?

Answer – The Companions did not stop the narrating of Hadith. Rather, they prohibited carelessness in narration so that no
incorrect utterance was attributed to the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam. If they completely stopped the narrating of Hadith, the Deen would’ve perished because it cannot exist without it. Thousands of narrations of the Companions are found today. Once, Hadrat Abu Saeed Khudri radi Allahu anhu narrated a Hadith to Hadrat Umar radi Allahu anhu. He replied, “Present a witness for this Hadith or I will punish you
.”
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« Reply #4 on: February 15, 2010, 08:50:38 PM »

MASHA ALLAH may allah bless you bhai
nice answers for AHL E QURAN.
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« Reply #5 on: February 16, 2010, 12:58:23 PM »

-OBJECTION 5-
The Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam said, “Besides the Holy Quran, don’t transcribe anything from me.”

‘If Rasoolullah sallallahu alaih wasallam prohibited the transcribing of Hadith, there should be no reason for the Hadith to exist. Only the Quran was permitted by him to be recorded, and so only the Quran is necessary to be followed.’


Answer – There are a few replies to this,
1) It’s surprising that you are refuters of Hadith yet you still use this Hadith as proof of your claim. How can you use
the Hadith to refute the Hadith?!

2) This narration was intended for people who memorize the Hadith. If they wrote it, the want to memorize the sayings of the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam would’ve ceased.

3) Also, this Hadith was said when the revelation of the Holy Quran had commenced, and there was fear of the Quran and the Hadith being mixed together due to the transcribing of both. After some time (when people began to understand the difference between the two), permission to transcribe the Hadith was given. Some narrations which show consent to transcribing the Ahadith follow,

1) At the time of Rasoolullah’s sallallahu alaih wasallam demise, he himself asked for paper and said, “Bring it to me so that I may write something for you not to be led astray.” If transcribing the Hadith was prohibited, why did the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam intend doing this? Hadrat Abu Hurairah radi Allahu anhu states, “Amr ibn A’s radi Allahu anhu used to write down Ahadith. I never did.”

2) On the occasion of Hajjatul-Wada (The Final Hajj), the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam delivered a sermon. Abu Shah then submitted, “O Rasoolullah sallallahu alaih wasallam, write down these commands for me.” The Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam replied, “Someone write it down for Abu Shah.”

3) Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique radi Allahu anhu wrote down Ahadith pertaining to the rules of charity (sadaqah) and sent them to his governors so that they could practice upon them.

4) People asked Hadrat Ali radi Allahu anhu, “Which secrets of the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam do you have with you?” He replied, “Nothing except a journal which has a few Ahadith written in it.”

5) Hadrat Umar ibn Abdul-Azeez radi Allahu anhu wrote to Abu Bakr ibn Hazm radi Allahu anhu,
“Search for the Ahadith of the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam and write them down; for I fear the loss of knowledge.”
Imam Bukhari  has dedicated an entire chapter on this in his Sahih Bukhari (called Baabu Kitaabatil-Ilm, i.e. Chapter on Recording Knowledge). All of the above-mentioned narrations may be found within.

Important note – It is truly surprising that the Holy Quran has stressed the transactions of loans to be written down for the sake of wealth not being ruined, while the Hadith is more important and exquisite than wealth. How then can there be a prohibition to note it down?
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« Reply #6 on: February 16, 2010, 01:24:06 PM »

]-OBJECTION 6-

There are many inconsistencies in the Ahadith. One says that the Salaah at night is more excellent
than the entire world, while another says that Jihaad is more excellent than the entire world. One Hadith states that
Rasoolullah sallallahu alaih wasallam  lifted both hands often in his Salaah while another states that he didn’t. One Hadith stresses abstinencefrom the world while another teaches involvement in worldly affairs. From this, we can ascertain that the Ahadith are fake, since the speech of the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam cannot have inconsistencies.


Answer – You claim that there is inconsistency due to your lack of understanding, while there is no such thing here. In one regard, Tahajjud is more excellent, and in another, Jihaad is. Initially the practice of the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam  was to lift the hands during Salaah, but in time he stopped it (and this practice was annulled). Abstinence from the world in personal matters is good, and being informed in the ways of the world with regards to Deeni affairs which effect both Muslims and the Ummah is also good. Why do you reject the Hadith due to being a person without practice? Merely reading translations of Hadith in Urdu or English doesn’t suffice in comprehending this science. Familiarize yourself with this discipline and then see the blessings of the Prophet’s sallallahu alaih wasallam  narrations. Have you read the Holy Quran? If you did, you would’ve raised this objection against it first.

The Holy Quran states that the world was created with the command of kun (“Be”), meaning immediately, but it says in
another place that the world was created in a few days. At one juncture, the Holy Quran states that Allah subhan wa ta'ala will not talk to disbelievers, yet in another verse, it says that He will. The Quran tells us to be kind to disbelievers, then it orders us to be harsh, severe and make Jihaad against them. In one verse, the iddat of a woman is a year, while in another, it is 4 months, 10 days. Will you now reject the Quran? Definitely not! So, similarly, don’t reject the Hadith. Just as how you would try to make sense of these seemingly conflicting verses, so too should you persevere in understanding the Hadith. There is no inconsistency in both. Your reasoning, however, is questionable
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« Reply #7 on: February 16, 2010, 01:26:32 PM »

-OBJECTION 7-

Many Ahadith are illogical. One says that after setting, the sun presents itself in the Court of Allah subhan wa ta'ala and makes sajdah. It then seeks permission and rises. However, geography teaches us that the sun doesn’t disappear but keeps moving. When we have night here, America has day. Thus, accepting such narrations in this scientific age makes Islam an easy target for ridicule.


Answer – This objection is also due to a lack of understanding the Hadith. The Quran also contains verses which seem contrary to logic and intelligence. We are told in it that trees and plants make sajdah (yet we only see them upright). So, however you wish to understand this sajdah for trees and plants, use it for the sun too. What the narration actually means is that the sun is in continuous obedience to its Lord and forever seeks permission to rise in the different parts of the world. This is understood by the actual Hadith and not from incorrect translations of it
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« Reply #8 on: February 16, 2010, 01:52:48 PM »

-OBJECTION 8- It is established from the Ahadith that the Four Caliphs gathered the journals of Hadith written by people and burnt them. If writing down Hadith was a good act, what need was there for this? Also, if the journals truly were burnt, how did the Hadith reach future generations?

Answer – Those journals which had the Quran and Hadith mixed within them and which people thought was the Quran entirely were burnt (such as the journal – or ‘saheefa’ – of Hadrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood radi Allahu anhu). Refer to Bukhari, Baabu Jam’il- Quran for documentation on this.

Another explanation is that those journals which contained both correct and incorrect narrations were destroyed. However, just as how the true Quran was saved after these journals were burnt, so too were the true Ahadith saved.

Refuters of Hadith! Apply your common sense! Just as how the Quran is required in our lives, so too is the Hadith and Fiqh (Jurisprudence) pivotal in the life of Muslims
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« Reply #9 on: February 16, 2010, 01:57:35 PM »

]-OBJECTION 9- Ahadith have been written and compiled after the time of the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam and were not gathered in book form during the prophetic era. Due to this, they have no credibility. Who knows whether they have been correctly written or not?

Answer – This very question can be raised against the Quran. During the time of the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam, the Holy Quran too was not in book form. Rather, it was gathered during the time of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique radi Allahu anhu and only published in the time of Hadrat Uthman radi Allahu anhu. Vowel points (i’raab) were inserted after the Four Caliphs. Chapters, rukus, etc. were also emplaced a long time after. Who knows whether people wrote the Quran correctly or not?

Allah subhan wa ta'ala blessed the Companions with exceptional memory, to the extent that some of them were haafiz’s of not just thousands, but hundreds of thousand Ahadith. When the era of the Sahaaba was drawing to an end, books of the Ahadith were carefully compiled, and such caution was taken that even the history and biography of every narrator was recorded! Like this, an entire science materialized (i.e. the Science of Asmaa-ur-Rijaal, or ‘Biographies of Narrators’).

Imam Abu Hanifa radi Allahu anhu, who was born in 80 AH, compiled Masnaneedu Abi Hanifa, and Imam Malik radi Allahu anhu, who was born in 90 AH, compiled Muatta Imam Malik. Imam Muhammad radi Allahu anhu compiled Muatta Imam Muhammad, etc. Imam Bukhari radi Allahu anhu was born in 194 AH, and what can be said about his compilation (i.e. Sahih Bukhari)! Before it, people used to memorize Ahadith just as how the Quran continues to be memorized. After the compiling of Bukhari, this tradition lessened[/size]
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« Reply #10 on: February 16, 2010, 02:10:37 PM »

-OBJECTION 10- Hadith is transmitted by only one person narrating from one individual, whereas the Quran states,

“And take for witness two people from amongst you.” – Surah Talaaq, Verse 2

The narrations from single narrators are not credible in light of this verse. So, those narrations whose narrator is only one Companion or one Tab’aai is definitely not worthy of acceptance.


Answer – There are two replies to this,

1) If this is your claim, then the Quran is also not safe, because one Jibraeel alaihis salaam brought the Quran to one Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam before it was transmitted to his Ummah. So in light of this verse, the entire Quran is also not credible. According to you, there should have been two prophets transmitting the Quran to the Sahaaba.

Today, on the information given by only one person, we ascertain the purity of water, the direction of the qiblah, food being Halaal, etc. If two witnesses were necessary at every juncture, the world would’ve been thrown into chaos.

And, anyway, the Quran itself states that the testimony of a single person is credible,

“One family member of Zulaikha presented testimony.” – Surah Yusuf, Verse 26

We know that the chastity of Hadrat Yusuf alaihis salaam was proven with only one witness, and the Quran permitted this.

2) In the court of an Islamic Judge, a claim in financial affairs will be proven by the testimony of two witnesses, and in matters of adultery, four witnesses. In Deeni matters, the information given by only one person is credible. In the field of Hadith, the following rules apply,

a. Successive (mutawaatir) Ahadith are necessary for definitive (qat’ee) beliefs.
b. In other laws (masaail), famous (mash’hoor) Ahadith are necessary at places, and sometimes the narration of a single narrator suffices.
c. However, only sound (Sahih) Ahadith are accepted in laws of Shariah.
d. Even weak (zaeef) Ahadith are accepted when it comes to proving excellence (fazaail).

All of these rules are comprehensively discussed in Usool (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence). Shouldn’t they be
understood by you first before deeming the Hadith to be a false science?
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« Reply #11 on: February 16, 2010, 02:20:54 PM »

-OBJECTION 11- The content of some Ahadith disrupts Imaan. One Hadith states that the Holy Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam held the hand of the foreign woman Ameema bint Joon and wanted her interest turned towards him. However, she sought his protection from this. – Bukhari, Kitaabut-Talaaq

Laa Hawla wa Laa Quwwata! If this is the content of Ahadith, how can they be accepted?


Answer – You didn’t learn the Hadith from a distinguished teacher, and for this, you failed to understand its correct meaning. Recite ‘Laa Hawla…’ on your intelligence. With little understanding, this objection can be raised against the Quran as well!

The Holy Quran mentions the incident of Hadrat Lut alaihis salaam. To save the honour of his guests, he said to his nation,

“These are my daughters if you wish to do so.” – Surah Hijr, Verse 71

Regarding Hadrat Yusuf alaihis salaam, the Holy Quran states,

“Zulaikha intended Yusuf and Yusuf intended Zulaikha.”– Surah Yusuf, Verse 24

Tell me, is Imaan not disrupted by presenting your daughters to the nation or intending foreign women? Do such things befit the glory of prophets? Alhamdulillah, the prophets are free from defects.

The woman mentioned in the objection (Ameema bint Joon) was a woman who had entered into the nikaah of the Holy
Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam (mankooha). She was not a foreign woman. This is explained even in Bukhari Sharif. By his ‘daughters’, Hadrat Lut alaihis salaam meant the wives of the men of the nation (i.e. the daughters of the nation). The complete translation of Surah Yusuf’s verse is, “Zulaikha intended Yusuf alaihis salaam and Yusuf alaihis salaam too would’ve intended her if he didn’t see the proof of his Lord.” May Allah subhan wa ta'ala grant true understanding of His words and comprehension of the narrations of Rasoolullah sallallahu alaih wasallam
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« Reply #12 on: February 16, 2010, 02:24:50 PM »

-OBJECTION 12- It’s a historical fact that the compilers of Hadith (Muhadditheen) had thousands of Ahadith but they themselves regarded most of them as wrong and chose not to narrate them. From hundreds of thousands, Imam Bukhari radi Allahu anhu kept only a few thousand in his book. From this, we come to know that incorrect narrations have been fabricated.

Answer – Yes, narrations were fabricated, but after the strife of the compilers, these fabrications were sifted out. Your objection in fact proves that they removed questionable narrations. Some didn’t even record them in their books, while those who did pointed out its classification. Tirmidhi Sharif is an example of this. With every Hadith, Imam Tirmidhi radi Allahu anhu wrote down whether it was sound, weak, etc
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« Reply #13 on: February 16, 2010, 02:27:10 PM »

Important Note – In conclusion, I wish to explain two things,

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HADITH & SUNNAH

Hadith is the Holy Prophet’s sallallahu alaih wasallam  every utterance or action which has been narrated, irrespective of whether it is practical for us to follow or not.

Sunnah is the Prophet’s sallallahu alaih wasallam every utterance or action which is practical for us to practice upon. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaih wasllam keeping 9 wives at one time in nikaah, making tawaaf of the Kaaba while riding a camel, or carrying his granddaughter Sayyidah Amaamah radi Allahu anha on his shoulder while performing Salaah are all proven from the Hadith but are not regarded as Sunnah because we cannot practice upon them. This is why the Prophet sallallahu alaih wasallam said,

“Hold onto my Sunnah.”

He didn’t say, “Hold onto my Hadith.” So, no one can be Ahle-Hadith in the world. Through the grace of Allah subhan wa ta'ala, we are Ahle-Sunnah because it means practicing upon the Sunnah, and this is possible. The same is not true for Hadith
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